Prophet Musa and the Fall of Pharaoh

The gripping narrative teaches valuable lessons of faith, resilience, and the consequences of arrogance. Delving into the depths of this remarkable chapter, we explore the epic events and timeless wisdom it contains.


Mazhar Mecci

7/28/202312 min read

Prophet Musa and the Fall of Pharaoh


In the sacred Quran, Surah Al-Qasas, which translates to "The events" or "The Narration," holds profound significance for Muslims worldwide. This chapter narrates the captivating tale of Prophet Musa (Moses) and the eventual downfall of Pharaoh (Firoun). The gripping narrative teaches valuable lessons of faith, resilience, and the consequences of arrogance. Delving into the depths of this remarkable chapter, we explore the epic events and timeless wisdom it contains.

1. The Background of Surah Al-Qasas

Surah Al-Qasas is the 28th chapter of the Quran, consisting of 88 verses. It was revealed in Makkah during a critical period when the early Muslims faced persecution and hardships. This Surah serves as a source of comfort, encouragement, and guidance to the believers, reminding them of the divine wisdom at play in the stories of the past.

2. The Story of Prophet Musa (Moses)

2.1 Early Life and Call to Prophethood

The Surah begins by recounting the birth of Prophet Musa (AS) during a time when Pharaoh feared that a child from the Children of Israel would overthrow his rule. Musa was miraculously saved and adopted by Pharaoh's family. As he grew, Musa's unwavering sense of justice and his protective nature for his people became evident. Prophet Musa's miraculous salvation is a remarkable event chronicled in both the Quran and religious texts. The event of his rescue unfolds during a time of great peril for the Children of Israel, providing a testament to the divine intervention and mercy of Allah.

According to the Quranic account, when Musa (Moses) was born, Pharaoh, the tyrannical ruler of Egypt, had issued a decree to kill all male children born to the Israelites. This decree was aimed at curbing the potential rise of a powerful leader from among the Israelites who could challenge Pharaoh's authority.

Musa's mother, filled with love and desperation, devised a plan to save her infant son from Pharaoh's decree. She placed him in a small basket made of reeds and set it afloat on the Nile River. With a heavy heart, she entrusted Musa's fate to the will of Allah, seeking divine protection for her beloved child. As the basket drifted along the river's current, fate intervened. Allah's divine plan guided the basket towards Pharaoh's palace. Intrigued by the sight of the floating basket, Pharaoh's wife, Asiya, requested to retrieve it. Upon finding the baby inside, she was deeply moved and recognized that this child was destined for a significant purpose. Moved by compassion, Asiya convinced Pharaoh to spare Musa's life and adopt him into their royal family. Thus, Prophet Musa found safety and sanctuary within the very palace from which his life was initially threatened.

In this remarkable turn of events, we witness the profound mercy and wisdom of Allah. Musa's salvation serves as a testament to the divine plan at work and the protection granted to those who place their trust in Allah's will. His story is a source of inspiration and hope, symbolizing that Allah's guidance and protection are always present, even in the face of seemingly insurmountable challenges.

The rescue of Prophet Musa from the waters of the Nile became a pivotal moment in his life, setting the stage for the extraordinary journey that lay ahead of him. Throughout his prophethood, Musa demonstrated unwavering faith, unyielding courage, and a deep sense of devotion to Allah and His guidance, becoming a timeless example for believers to follow.

2.2 The Encounter with the Burning Bush

One day, while herding sheep, Musa saw a burning bush that did not consume itself. Through this divine spectacle, Allah called Musa to be a prophet and to deliver his people from Pharaoh's tyranny. The encounter with the burning bush is one of the most pivotal and awe-inspiring moments in the life of Prophet Musa (Moses). It marks the beginning of his divine mission and serves as a profound revelation of Allah's presence and guidance. The momentous event took place when Prophet Musa was in the mountains of Sinai, tending to his sheep. As he went about his daily responsibilities, he noticed a strange sight—an Un consuming fire burning from within a bush. Curious and drawn by the inexplicable phenomenon, Musa approached the burning bush, and as he came closer, he heard a voice calling out to him.

The voice addressed Musa directly, revealing itself to be the voice of Allah, the Almighty. Allah commanded Musa to remove his sandals as a sign of respect and humility before the divine presence. It was at this sacred moment that Allah appointed Musa as a prophet and bestowed upon him the responsibility of guiding the Children of Israel to the right path. During this profound encounter, Allah revealed His divine name to Musa, introducing Himself as "I Am Who I Am," or "I Am the Self-Existent One." This name, "I Am," signifies the eternal, self-sufficient, and all-powerful nature of Allah. In this divine conversation, Allah communicated His divine plan to Musa and assured him of His support and guidance throughout his prophetic journey. Musa was instructed to lead his people out of Egypt, where they were enslaved by Pharaoh, and guide them towards the Promised Land, a journey that would test his faith and resolve. Overwhelmed and humbled by the magnitude of the divine encounter, Prophet Musa accepted his divine calling with unwavering devotion and complete submission to Allah's will. He was now the chosen messenger, tasked with the mission of liberating the Children of Israel from oppression and leading them towards the path of righteousness.

The encounter with the burning bush became a defining moment in Prophet Musa's life, igniting a flame of purpose and determination within him. It was a testament to the reality of the divine and a manifestation of Allah's mercy and guidance towards those who humbly seek Him. The story of the burning bush serves as a timeless reminder of Allah's accessibility and His willingness to communicate with His chosen servants. It underscores the significance of humility, attentiveness, and devotion in seeking a deeper connection with the divine. For believers, the encounter with the burning bush stands as an eternal source of inspiration, encouraging them to embrace their own divine missions with faith, courage, and unwavering trust in Allah's guidance.

2.3 The Ten Plagues and the Exodus

Armed with divine miracles, Musa confronted Pharaoh and demanded the release of the Children of Israel from bondage. Pharaoh's stubbornness led to the manifestation of ten devastating plagues, culminating in the miraculous parting of the Red Sea, which allowed the Children of Israel to escape. The Ten Plagues and the Exodus are monumental events in the life of Prophet Musa (Moses) and the history of the Children of Israel. These awe-inspiring occurrences, as recounted in the Quran and religious texts, showcase the power and mercy of Allah and the steadfastness of Prophet Musa in fulfilling his divine mission.

The Ten Plagues were a series of devastating and supernatural calamities that befell Egypt in response to Pharaoh's stubbornness and refusal to heed the call of Prophet Musa. Each plague was a divine sign, a testament to the omnipotence of Allah, and a plea for Pharaoh and his people to release the Israelites from their enslavement. The plagues struck one after another, challenging the heart and soul of Pharaoh and the Egyptian people. They began with the transformation of the Nile River into blood, followed by a plague of frogs, lice, flies, livestock disease, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, and culminated with the tenth plague—the death of the firstborn in every Egyptian household.

Throughout this period of trials and tribulations, Pharaoh's heart remained hardened, and he refused to acknowledge the divine signs or yield to the demands of Prophet Musa. Each time a plague struck, Pharaoh would make temporary promises of compliance, only to retract them once the plague was lifted. The Ten Plagues served as both a warning and a manifestation of divine justice. They demonstrated that the Creator has the power to control and shape the natural elements as a means of guidance and retribution. Moreover, they showed that arrogance and oppression would not go unpunished.

The Exodus refers to the momentous event when Allah granted Prophet Musa and the Children of Israel safe passage out of Egypt. Following the final plague, the death of the firstborn, Pharaoh finally relented and allowed the Israelites to leave Egypt. However, his heart was still filled with anger and regret, and he decided to pursue them, hoping to bring them back under his control.

As the Israelites journeyed through the wilderness, they faced the daunting obstacle of the Red Sea barring their path. In this moment of immense trial, Allah, through His divine intervention, parted the waters of the Red Sea, creating a dry path for the Israelites to cross. The waters stood as walls on either side, and as the last Israelite safely crossed over, the sea closed in on Pharaoh and his pursuing army, drowning them and ending their tyranny.

The Exodus symbolizes liberation, hope, and divine guidance. It is a profound testament to the mercy and protection of Allah for those who steadfastly believe and trust in His words. The story of the Exodus and the Ten Plagues serves as a timeless reminder of the consequences of arrogance and the triumph of faith and righteousness. It resonates through generations, inspiring believers to embrace courage, patience, and reliance on the divine in their own life journeys.

3. The Fall of Pharaoh

3.1 The Chase and the Moment of Truth

To describe this event in brief, filled with rage and humiliation, Pharaoh pursued the fleeing Israelites, defying even the parting waters. However, at the critical moment, the sea closed in, drowning Pharaoh and his army, epitomizing the divine punishment for arrogance and tyranny.

This pivotal episode, recorded in the Quran and religious texts, showcases the consequences of arrogance and the ultimate triumph of divine justice. Despite witnessing a series of divine signs and experiencing the devastating Ten Plagues, Pharaoh's heart remained hardened, and he continued to resist releasing the Israelites from their enslavement. His arrogance and pride blinded him to the truth, and he chose to defy the message of Prophet Musa, dismissing the signs as mere sorcery. The tipping point came when Allah granted the Children of Israel permission to leave Egypt. As the Israelites began their exodus, Pharaoh's heart filled with anger and regret for allowing them to depart. Driven by his ego and the desire to reclaim what he perceived as lost property; he mobilized his army and pursued the Israelites.

The Israelites found themselves trapped between the pursuing Egyptian army and the daunting obstacle of the Red Sea. In this moment of dire predicament, they turned to Prophet Musa for guidance and solace. Musa, unwavering in his faith and trust in Allah, remained calm and steadfast, assuring his people that Allah would provide a way out. True to His promise, Allah intervened in a miraculous manner. He commanded Prophet Musa to strike the waters of the Red Sea with his staff. As Musa obeyed, the sea dramatically parted, revealing a dry path for the Israelites to cross. The waters stood like towering walls on either side, a testament to the divine power at play. As the Israelites safely crossed the parted sea, Pharaoh and his army followed in pursuit. But when the last Israelite reached the other side, the sea closed in with a forceful surge, drowning Pharaoh and his entire army. In that moment, the tyrannical Pharaoh met his ultimate downfall—a consequence of his arrogance, oppression, and defiance of divine guidance.

The fall of Pharaoh stands as an enduring lesson and a symbol of the divine justice that prevails. It serves as a reminder that arrogance and tyranny are temporary and that the divine will eventually triumphs over the ego-driven pursuits of worldly power. The story of the fall of Pharaoh has resonated across generations, inspiring believers to seek humility, compassion, and submission to the divine will. It reaffirms the importance of heeding the signs of Allah and acknowledging the consequences of our actions. For believers, it is a reminder to reflect on the wisdom of the past and to embrace righteousness, justice, and the path of truth in their own lives.

4. Lessons and Reflections

4.1 The Triumph of Faith and Patience

Surah Al-Qasas highlights the importance of faith and patience, demonstrating that even the most oppressive regimes cannot withstand the power of perseverance and trust in Allah.

4.2 Consequences of Arrogance

The downfall of Pharaoh serves as a stark reminder of the consequences of arrogance and tyranny, emphasizing the ephemeral nature of worldly power.

4.3 Divine Signs and Miracles

The miraculous signs granted to Prophet Musa (AS) underscore the presence of a higher power, instilling awe and reverence in believers.


Surah Al-Qasas stands as a testament to the divine wisdom embedded in the stories of the past. Through the captivating tale of Prophet Musa and the fall of Pharaoh, we find invaluable lessons of faith, resilience, and the consequences of arrogance. The story serves as an eternal source of inspiration for believers, reminding them of the power of patience, the significance of humility, and the ultimate triumph of righteousness over oppression.

The Quran, the holy scripture of Islam, holds a treasure trove of guidance and wisdom for humanity. Within its sacred verses, the story of Prophet Musa (Moses) stands as a beacon of inspiration, offering profound lessons that resonate across time and generations. Let us embark on a journey to uncover the invaluable lessons from the Quran through the life of Prophet Musa.

1. Divine Guidance and Prophethood

One of the fundamental lessons from the Quran, exemplified by the life of Prophet Musa, is the concept of divine guidance and prophethood. Allah chooses noble individuals to convey His messages to humanity, guiding them towards the path of righteousness.

2. The Power of Faith and Trust in Allah

Throughout his trials and tribulations, Prophet Musa exemplified unwavering faith and complete trust in Allah's wisdom and plan. The Quran repeatedly emphasizes the importance of putting one's faith in Allah, for He is the ultimate source of strength and guidance.

3. Perseverance in the Face of Adversity

Prophet Musa's life is replete with instances of perseverance in the face of immense challenges. From his confrontation with Pharaoh to the hardships faced during the Exodus, Musa's determination serves as an enduring lesson for believers to remain steadfast in the pursuit of truth and justice.

4. The Consequences of Arrogance and Tyranny

The Quran portrays the tragic downfall of Pharaoh as a stark lesson on the consequences of arrogance and tyranny. Despite witnessing divine signs and the might of Allah, Pharaoh's arrogance led to his ultimate demise, underscoring the importance of humility and submission to the divine.

5. The Miracles of Allah

The Quran recounts the miracles granted to Prophet Musa, such as the parting of the Red Sea. These miracles serve as a reminder of Allah's omnipotence and His ability to intervene in the affairs of the world.

6. Mercy and Compassion

The Quran portrays Prophet Musa as a symbol of mercy and compassion. His interactions with his people and his concern for their well-being highlight the importance of kindness and empathy in the lives of believers.

7. Learning from Past Scriptures

The Quran repeatedly refers to the stories of previous prophets, including Prophet Musa, as a means of imparting valuable lessons to humanity. It encourages believers to reflect on these stories and draw guidance from them.

8. Standing Up Against Injustice

Prophet Musa's unwavering dedication to liberate the Children of Israel from Pharaoh's oppression exemplifies the Quranic principle of standing up against injustice and oppression.


The life of Prophet Musa, as narrated in the Quran, serves as a reservoir of valuable lessons for believers. From the significance of divine guidance and the power of faith to the consequences of arrogance and the importance of perseverance, his story remains an eternal source of inspiration. As we delve into the lessons from the Quran through the life of Prophet Musa, may we find guidance, strength, and a deeper connection with our Creator, Allah.


1. Is Surah Al-Qasas only about Prophet Musa and Pharaoh?

Surah Al-Qasas primarily revolves around the story of Prophet Musa and Pharaoh. However, it also contains other wisdom and life lessons.

2. What are the major themes of Surah Al-Qasas?

The major themes include faith, resilience, consequences of arrogance, and the power of divine signs and miracles.

3. How can we apply the teachings of Surah Al-Qasas in our lives?

We can apply the teachings by learning from the experiences of the past, being patient in times of difficulty, and avoiding arrogance and tyranny.

4. Are there any other significant figures mentioned in the Surah?

Apart from Prophet Musa and Pharaoh, the Surah also mentions Prophet Harun (Aaron), the brother of Musa, and their mother.

5. Can we find historical evidence of the events described in Surah Al-Qasas?

While historical evidence may be limited, the significance of these events lies in their spiritual and moral teachings rather than their historical accuracy.

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